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AOC, AOP, IGP ... These are the appellations that you often find on your bottles of wine but what are the differences between all these appellations. How are they different?

AOC or AOP wines?

The controlled designation of origin (AOC) appeared in France in the mid-1930s. Its purpose was to fight against fraud and to protect the name of the wine, its characteristics and the specificities linked to a defined terroir.
The AOC is the most prestigious of French appellations and follows very strict specifications. Its mission is to defend the regional characteristics of wines and the viticultural and oenological practices which comply with local customs.
It thus controls the location of the crop, the grape varieties used, the yields per hectare, the vinification techniques as well as the degrees of alcohol. This appellation is the most demanding and, in theory also the most qualitative. The PDO endorsement is issued by the INAO (National Institute of Origin and Quality)

PDO

The protected designation of origin ( PDO ) is an appellation that appeared in 2009. It is different from the AOC by its recognition at European level. Indeed, the PDO is the European equivalent of the PDO. For a wine to obtain the PDO designation, it must first obtain the AOC designation.
In total, 375 wines in France have the AOC appellation according to the INAO. This represents an area of 441,200 hectares of vines and no less than 21.5 million hectoliters marketed. When counting French spirits (eaux-de-vie, rums, etc.) this figure climbs to 473 AOC.

IGP (Protected Geographical Indication)

Created in 1992, the IGP is a European name. In 2009, it replaced the French appellation Vins de Pays created in 1968. These vins de pays were intended to enhance the production of wine from a specific geographical area (Côtes-de-Gascogne, Pays-d 'Oc, Val- de-Loire ...). Like the AOC, the IGP has specifications to be respected but more open and flexible. It protects wines for which at least one of the cultivation or winemaking stages takes place in the geographical area relating to the appellation. The geographical area is therefore wider. The methods of cultivation of the vine as well as the methods of vinification are less restrictive. The IGP leaves more freedom to the winegrowers. In France there are 74 IGP wines grouped into three types: regional IGPs, departmental IGPs and small areas. IGP wines represent a third of French wine production

Wines of France

Formerly called "Vin de tables", the Vin de France designation is considered to be the most open of the appellations. Indeed, this name does not have a precise geographical indication and is subject to very free regulations. Free, both in terms of wine making since it can be blended from grapes from different regions, origins and vintages at 15%. And free in terms of the information displayed: the mention of all the grape varieties and especially the vintage are not compulsory. It is a denomination which leaves more freedom to the winegrowers. They are not constrained by demanding specifications. The wines produced under this designation allow many winegrowers to introduce wines from forgotten grape varieties and to give free rein to their ingenuity.

Want to discover the AOC wines from our regions?

Discover the Tour in AOC . The unique wine box in the form of a tower that allows you to taste 12 French wines from AOC. A 100% blind tasting for a unique and fun experience. We are thus offering you a tour of France of wines from our most beautiful wine regions. So we also hope to surprise you with our exceptional wines selected by our sommelier Thierry Dorge . Come quickly to our site to discover this wonderful product.