AOC, AOP, IGP ... These are the appellations that you often find on your bottles of wine but what are the differences between all these appellations. How are they different?
AOC or AOP wines?
IGP (Protected Geographical Indication)
Created in 1992, the IGP is a European name. In 2009, it replaced the French appellation Vins de Pays created in 1968. These vins de pays were intended to enhance the production of wine from a specific geographical area (Côtes-de-Gascogne, Pays-d 'Oc, Val- de-Loire ...). Like the AOC, the IGP has specifications to be respected but more open and flexible. It protects wines for which at least one of the cultivation or winemaking stages takes place in the geographical area relating to the appellation. The geographical area is therefore wider. The methods of cultivation of the vine as well as the methods of vinification are less restrictive. The IGP leaves more freedom to the winegrowers. In France there are 74 IGP wines grouped into three types: regional IGPs, departmental IGPs and small areas. IGP wines represent a third of French wine production
Wines of France
Formerly called "Vin de tables", the Vin de France designation is considered to be the most open of the appellations. Indeed, this name does not have a precise geographical indication and is subject to very free regulations. Free, both in terms of wine making since it can be blended from grapes from different regions, origins and vintages at 15%. And free in terms of the information displayed: the mention of all the grape varieties and especially the vintage are not compulsory. It is a denomination which leaves more freedom to the winegrowers. They are not constrained by demanding specifications. The wines produced under this designation allow many winegrowers to introduce wines from forgotten grape varieties and to give free rein to their ingenuity.
Want to discover the AOC wines from our regions?
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